from Historical Ziegfeld
Dr. Gustav Zander founded the institute in the late nineteenth century and stocked it with twenty-seven of his custom-built machines. It was the first “gym” in the sense that we know the word today.
Photo with 371 notes
Electro-physiology sessions (Mecanisme de la Physionomie Humaine ou Analyse Electro-Physiologique de L’Expression des Passions, Paris, 1862) conducted by Dr. Duchenne and photographed by Adrien Tournachon (brother of the better known Gaspard Felix Tournachon, aka Nadar)
photo by O.G.Mason